Satmahal Prasada

Sathmahal Prasada, built in 12th century in Cambodian style, is located next to the chapter house. It consists of six diminishing storey (there used to be seven) like a stepped pyramid.


Dipuyya also known as the island garden, was build by king Parakramabahu as his royal pleasure garden. There are also some remnants build by King Nissanka Malla.

Polonnaruwa Museum

Polonnaruwa museum, located near the rest house, is designed on a particular theme: the citadel, the outer city, the monastery area, the periphery, and Hindu monuments. The latter room contains a wonderful selection of models of buildings, including the Vatadage.

Siva Devale

Siva Devale, located at the north of the Royal Palace complex, is a 13th-century Hindu temple – the oldest surviving building at Polonnaruwa. Beautifully cut stonework of the temple’s walls is worth a tourist’s visit.


Thuparama is an image house or shrine situated in the south-west corner of the Quadrangle. One of the best examples of architectural style of 11th century, Thuparama houses several images of Buddha in inner chamber but they aren’t easily visible in late afternoon light. The principal image is enclosed within a square chamber.

Parakarma Samudra

Parakarma Samudra, a big artificial lake situated in the west of the Old Town, is one of the most striking features of Polonnurawa nearly 1000 years old. In ancient times, the city and the surrounding area were watered by this unique lake and even today it provides water for irrigation. More

Lotus Bath – Nelum Pokuna

Lotus Bath or Nelum Pokuna, located towards the north of Polonnaruwa Gal Vihara complex, a stone pond built in the shape of a lotus flower in eight parallel tiers built in late 12th century. Lotus Bath is seven ponds in the form of blossoming lotus. The pond is believed to be a part of the Jetavana Monastery complex.

Latha Manddapaya

Latha Mandapaya, lying towards West of the Vatadage, is a unique structure encircled by stone pillars shaped like lotus stems. In former days, this was a pavilion built by King Nissanka Malla.

Gal Pota

Gal Pota, located towards the east of the Hatadage, is a stone book of about 25 ton with 9 m (29 ft) stone carving of one of the palm leaf books recorded with Buddhist texts and royal genealogies. Gal Pota is the largest slab inscription of Sri Lanka praising the achievements of the King Nissanka Malla.


Gedige Lankathilaka is a huge image house built during the reign of Parakramabahu, enshrined with an 18 m high headless statue of Buddha. The overall architecture of the building showing a strong Tamil influence is very impressive.

The Quadrangle

Situated in the heart of Polonnaruwa, a few yards northwest of the Siva Devale, the complex is known as the Quadrangle. Some of the most magnificent monuments of Polonnaruwa (about twelve monuments) are clustered in this enclosure called the Quadrangle or Dalada Maluwa (Terrace of the Tooth). More

Nissanka Malla Palace

Nissanka Malla palace, standing close to the shore of a lake, is in ruins that was built by Parakramabahu I’s successor, Nissanka Malla (1187-96).

Tivanka Image House

Tivanka Image House, the largest among the brick built shrines of Polonnaruwa is built in the style of Thuparamaya and the Lankatilaka. Here stands the mighty Tivanka image of the Buddha, depicted in the thrice curved pose. More

Naipena Vihara

Naipena Vihara, also known as ‘cobra shrine’, is situated towards West of the Kiri Vihara. A Shiva Shrine is located close to the Naipena Vihara.

Royal Palace

The Royal Palace, built by Parakramabahu I in 12 th century, is an impressive seven storied building with palatial rooms, audience halls, and chambers famous for its fine stone carvings and timber work. Audience Hall and Kumara Pokuna (Royal Bathing Pool) are main tourists attraction of the Royal Palace. More

Rankot Vihara

Rankot Vihara, the second biggest building in Sri Lanka, is a 55m high building built by Nissanka Malla in the 12th century. Rankot Vihara is the largest finished dagoba. The design of the building is similar to dagoba of the Anuradhapura style.

Gal Vihara

Gal Vihara, located a few kilometers north of Polonnaruwa, is the largest sculptural masterpiece of Sri Lanka also known as the Cave of the Spirits of Knowledge. Gal Vihara images was built by King Parakramabahu I in 12th century A.D. Gal Vihara is one of the most important shrines of Buddhists, where four magnificent images of Buddha in different postures are carved out of a granite rock. More


Vatadage, built in 12th century in a popular architectural style of ancient Sri Lanka, is a circular building about 18m in diameter. Vatadage is a beautiful structure, which is probably the oldest monument in Polonnaruwa which houses four seated Buddha images. More

Baddhasima Pasada

Baddhasima Pasada is located with Lankatilaka and Kiri vihara on the Alahana Parivena complex. The Baddhasima Pasada is also known as a convocation hall.

Atadage – House of Eight Relics

Atadage, located close to the Hatadage, was the original temple of tooth at Polonnaruwa, built in the 11th century by King Vijayabahu I. There is a 10 feet tall image of Buddha in Atadage. The tooth was kept at the upper story of the temple.

Kiri Vihara

Kiri vihara, located close to Baddhasima Pasada, is the best preserved Dagoba in Polonnaruwa. Kiri Vihara is the ‘milk-white shrine’ named for its exterior of gleaming white. Its original plaster is largely intact.

Potgul Vihara Monastery

Potgul Vihara, built by King Parakramabahu, is a monastery that is situated in southern part of Polonnaruwa. The roof of the monastery has almost collapsed but the sound effects of the round room are still attracting tourists visiting Polonnaruwa.


Hatadage, located right opposite the circular Vatadage, is a relic chamber constructed during the reign of Nissanka Malla to house the tooth relic. Hatadage is a unique structure entirely built up of finely cut stone.


Agastaya, also known as statue of Parakramabahu, a rock sculpture built in the 12th century, is situated with the Potgul Vihara in the southern part of the Polonnaruwa.