Panduwasnuwara, is one of the oldest capitals of Sri Lanka, which is believed to be the capital of king Panduvasdeva, who succeeded Vijaya, the first king of Sri Lanka (circa 5th century B.C.). There are several archaeological remains in Panduwasnuwara that dates back to the 12th century, during the rule of king Parakramabahu I. During the rule of king Parakramabahu I, Panduwasnuwara was a stepping stone to his great capital of Polonnaruwa. Some of the existing remains in Panduwasnuwara include the oldest temple located in northwest direction, ruins of the royal palace, and a Bodhigara.

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