The gardens of Sigiriya that are one of the oldest gardens in Sri Lanka and world are divided into 3 distinct forms: water gardens, Cave and boulder gardens, and terraced gardens. The water gardens lie on the western precinct of Sigiriya, with water pavilions, pools, cisterns, courtyard, conduits and water courses. Boulder garden is a distinct organic concept with natural boulders and winding pathways.
Terrace gardens are carved out of a natural hill of Sigiriya wherein all terraces lying in concentric circles ringing the rock and symmetrically rising above the other. There is also the palace garden at the top of the Sigiriya rock summit that was the domestic garden of the royals. The garden has lots of terraces and pools cut in rocks.