Galle Fort was built by the Portuguese in the 16th century as a way to protect Galle city from invading Tamils. Galle Fort was further expanded and strengthened by the Dutch in 1640. Occupying a total land area of 36 hectares, the Galle fort, encircled by a continuous rampart, is interrupted by 14 massive bastions.
The Galle Fort is a world heritage tourism site and the largest remaining fortress in Asia built by European invaders showing the influences of Dutch architecture with South Asian traditions. The Galle Fort houses a number of museums, a clock tower, and places of worship, a lighthouse and over a hundred residences including hotels, guest houses and restaurants. It is very pleasant for travellers to see the fort by walking around at the time of sunset.